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#38 - IBS AND THE LOW FODMAP DIET

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is characterised by bloating, flatulence, abdominal pain and altered bowel habits (diarrhoea and or constipation). The underlying pathology of IBS is not well understood and a number of factors may trigger symptoms.

    Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols (FODMAPs) are found in the food we eat. FODMAPs are sugars that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and reach the large intestine where they produce gas and attract water. They are not the cause of IBS, but managing them in the diet provides an opportunity for reducing IBS symptoms.

    Foods high in FODMAPs include:

    Some fruits...
    Apples
    Honey
    Mango
    Pear
    Watermelon

    Some vegetables...
    Artichoke
    Asparagus
    Beetroot
    Lettuce
    Onion

    Some grains...
    Wheat
    Rye

    Dairy...
    Milk
    Ice cream
    Yoghurt
    Unripened cheeses ( eg cottage, ricotta)

    Legumes...
    Lentils
    Chickpeas
    Baked beans

    Sweeteners...
    Xylitol
    Sorbitol
    Maltitol

    Interested in the Low FODMAP Diet? Check out the App from Monash University.

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